Madrid Pub Quiz

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Copyleft: feel free to use these questions in your quizzes. This is not a game, there’s no scoring, and questions are provided as a service only. Some answers are a little lengthy as players requested clarification. “NEW” means less than a month old. Spanish flags denote Spanish-based questions.

Geography

El Hierro in the Canary Islands. (Southernmost is La Restinga at 27°38′N 17°59′W, and the westernmost is Punta de la Orchilla at 27°43′N 18°09′W).
Italy and Albania
With thanks to Ross Stewart of Auckland, New Zealand, for correcting the question
Suriname
With thanks to Tim Sharples for fine tuning the question
Portugal, France, Andorra, Morocco (Ceuta and Melilla), UK (Gibraltar)
Ireland
With thanks to Gerry O'Sullivan of Killarney for correcting this question
Libya (the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)
With thanks to Jake Whiteman for updating the question
Copenhagen (also a less well know one in Ljubljana)
Dogs (although it could refer to monk seals, known as ‘sea dogs’ in Latin)
Tripoli (from ‘Regio Tripolitana’, region of the three cities)
WET (Western European Time) which is the same as GMT and UTC. In summer it is WEST (Western European Summer Time) which is GMT/UTC +1.
Swahili. (The other five are Arabic, English, French, Spanish and Portuguese.)
Bolivia. (Bolivian Constitution, Article 5-I: Son idiomas oficiales del Estado el castellano y todos los idiomas de las naciones y pueblos indígena originario campesinos, que son el aymara, araona, baure, bésiro, canichana, cavineño, cayubaba, chácobo, chimán, ese ejja, guaraní, guarasu’we, guarayu, itonama, leco, machajuyai-kallawaya, machineri, maropa, mojeño-trinitario, mojeño-ignaciano, moré, mosetén, movima, pacawara, puquina, quechua, siriona, tacana, tapieté, toromona, uru-chipaya, weenhayek, yawanawa, yuki, yuracaré y zamuco.)
On Euro bank notes (the initials of the European Central Bank in different languages).
Japan, Bangladesh, and Palau
With thanks to Neil Robinson in New Zealand for correcting the answer to this question
Canada and USA (between Washington state and Vancouver Island)
UK, Ireland, Iceland, and Portugal (plus the Canary Islands and the Faroe Islands)
The Dutch province of Zeeland (not the Danish Island of Zealand)
Spanish islands off the coast of North Africa
Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia
The Indian Ocean (however, the island of Kiritimati, in the Pacific Ocean, is also called Christmas Island)
With thanks to Nick Wilde for correcting this question
12 — the number of stars will not change when new members are admitted.
Namibia. A thin finger of land surrounded by Angola, Zambia and Botswana
Alaska and Alaska. The Aleutians cross the 180 degree line of longitude and are in both the eastern and western hemispheres.
An imaginary flying island in Gulliver’s Travels, inhabited by unpractical scientists and philosophers who have attendants to flap them in the face with bladders to bring them down to consideration of mundane matters.
Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) and St. Martin (France and the Netherlands)
Ireland (although Turkey now claims the honour)
Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar (Улаанбаатар), previously known as Ulan Bator
The Vatican. Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, and San Marino are members.
With thanks to Carter Young for correcting this question
The Gambia
With thanks to Carter Young for correcting this question
Montevideo is 34°53′S; Buenos Aires is further north at 34°36′S
With thanks to Kevin Magill of the Cayman Islands for correcting this question
Table Mountain
With thanks to Ken G. Fisher of Toronto for correcting this question
Bahamas
With thanks to Alan Chapple for correcting this question
Texas (4,000 per annum, Oklahoma 2nd with 1,400)
Because New York is the Empire State
Saint Pierre et Miquelon (France) and Bermuda (UK)
With thanks to Kevin Magill of the Cayman Islands for correcting this question
Latin: Helvetia or Confederatio Helvetica
With thanks to Luke Williams in Switzerland for expanding the answer
The river Jordan
With thanks to Luke Williams in Switzerland for correcting this question
Prince Edward Island (5,660 Km2 and approximately 140,000 inhabitants)
Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Vatican City
The North Pole (for letters to Father Christmas)
Philadelphia (Ancient Greek: φίλος phílos (beloved, dear) and ἀδελφός adelphós (brother, brotherly)).
California with 39.2 million followed by Texas with 29.5 million (2021 estimates of the United States Census Bureau).
Java (124M followed by Honshu with 103M and Great Britain with 56.8M)
Global Positioning System
On the English Channel coast of southern England. The site stretches from Orcombe Point near Exmouth in East Devon to Old Harry Rocks near Swanage in East Dorset, a distance of 153 kilometres (95 miles).
Iran (where it is known as Arvand Rud) and Iraq, it is formed by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Algarve in Portugal (originally Al-gharb al-andalus)
Connacht, Munster, Leinster and Ulster
The maximum size that can go through the Panama Canal (length 294.1m, beam 32.3m, draft 12m, air draft 57.9m which is about 65,000 tons displacement)
The word archipelago is derived from the Ancient Greek ἄρχι-(arkhi-, ‘chief’) and πέλαγος (pélagos, ‘sea’).
The French-speaking part of Switzerland
In Puerto Rico (or United States). Also know as the Passage Islands,
Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo) and Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo) are across the Congo river from each other. Vatican City lies within Rome but is not a member of the UN.
With thanks to Nicola Wood for correcting this question
Mountains (in Connemara)
India and Pakistan (also known as the Great Indian Desert)
Eritrea (won independence from Ethiopia on May 24, 1991)
With thanks to Fithi Garza for correcting the date in the answer
Chad, France, Greece, Spain and Laos
With thanks to Andy Henderson at the Breeze Beer Garden in Thailand for correcting the answer to this question
UK, Ireland, Cyprus and Malta
50% by definition. For modern IQ tests, the raw score is transformed to a normal distribution with mean 100 and standard deviation 15. This results in approximately two-thirds of the population scoring between IQ 85 and IQ 115 and about 2.5 percent each above 130 and below 70.